Special Education

Special Education is an educational instruction specially designed for children with disability, at no cost to parents. This definition is according to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that is governed by federal law in most educational authorities. To avail this service, children with disabilities must pass the criteria set by IDEA and defined by the jurisdiction’s law surrounding special education.

There are 13 categories of disability under IDEA that include autism, deaf or blindness, developmental delays, emotional disturbance, hearing impairments, mental retardation, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairments, other health impairments, specific learning disabilities, speech and language impairments, traumatic brain injury, and visual impairments.

Idyllically, all students must have equal access to good education to achieve their potential. And the goal of special education is to make sure that students with specials needs can take part and have access to education and the curriculum at any time possible. Under IDEA, gifted and talented special students are seen extraordinary, although, other jurisdictions may also put Gifted in part of their legislation.

At school, a child who is seen or observed to be needing special education support is normally referred to the school’s special education committee. Both parents and teachers can make referrals for special education. If this is the case, parents must have all necessary information and documentation of the result of every test and every process done in relation to the child to inform the school about the child’s disabilities if already known before attending school. Any child being considered for special education services will have to go through several assessments and psychological testing to determine if he or she qualifies to receive special education supports. But, before any assessment or testing will be done, the parent must sign consent forms.

Secondary Education

The secondary education is considered to one the most critical stage of a student life next to early childhood education as this makes or breaks the identity of the student. This is the time when a child discovers more about himself, decide what he wants to be, express himself, and explore new things. This is also the time that students must survive from bullying and other challenges that come along the way. Next to primary school, secondary education is normally the final stage of compulsory education, depending on context. Once a student graduates from high-school, he may or may not continue to college. In the contexts of first world countries, individuals who graduate from high-school can get a job and be paid doing blue-collar jobs just as how much professionals are paid for. However, in other countries (3rd world countries), finishing a degree is of utmost importance because the competition is high and job opportunities are low. Blue collar jobs do not pay much so the only hope for survival is having good business or landing a good job, which requires good educational background.

The secondary education serves as a link between primary and higher education where students are being prepared to enter work or further higher education. Finances, health and parental support are three major important factors that help a student decide whether college is a good fit for him or not. What is good about finishing secondary education is that a person can just take up a college degree whenever possible, without having to deal with age issues.

Online Education

People who want to study or continue their studies but couldn’t make it to school now have opportunities to finish a degree at the convenience of their home. With the availability of online education worldwide, learning has become extensive, enabling many students to achieve their potentials despite difficulty in going to school. Online education, also known as e-learning or distance learning is an education facility done over the internet, which in most cases is a self-directed learning.

Online education is normally helpful to college and graduate students who want to finish an undergraduate or masters degree while attending full-time to their career and other responsibilities. This type of education gives so much convenience as compared to classroom learning. Some of its benefits include:

  • getting a degree without quitting jobs;
  • attending to children’s need while still learning;
  • learning without having to go through a heavy traffic jam just to get to the University;
  • students can learn at their own pace;
  • students can have more one-on-one access to their instructors; and
  • students earning degrees in less time compared to traditional courses.

Online education works by first researching the best accredited institution that fits a student’s need or desire for learning structure. It will be followed by applying into an online program and signing up for appropriate courses. After completing the whole registration process, students are accepted into the program, and then the work commences. The learning process starts by logging onto the internet and accessing the education program account. Once logged in, students can access their reading assignments, ask questions, and receive instructions and feedbacks from the instructors.

How to Qualify For Student Loans

Almost everyone in the first world countries qualifies for certain types of college student loans whether by means of federal or private financial assistance. By filling out the Free Application for Financial Student Aid (FAFSA) that can be accessed online, students may begin submitting their student loan application as early as possible.  But, before filling out the form, it is important to note that an applicant must have ready information about his social security number and all personal information, including the previous year’s tax return, the codes of the potential school, and the parents’ information if he is an underage applicant.  

For fast release of loan, student applicants are advised to apply for loan prior to the start of a school year or semester. With this, the lag time between passing the loan application and receiving the financial assistance is less. Ideally, a big sum of money is set aside for loan purposes at the start of each semester so students who need to loan a large amount of cash must act immediately before the money runs out.

What about a student with bad credit? Can he apply for student loans? Actually, yes! There are different types of loan available for different types of student loan applicants. The Stafford Loan for example is a student loan offered by the government – who will sponsor the principal amount and the interest payments. For subsidized Stafford loans, the government institution covers the interest accumulated while the applicant is studying and it never needs to be paid back. On the other hand, the unsubsidized Stafford loans, interests are held in reserve, and then the student will pay for it after graduation. Stafford loans do not oblige a credit check. Other loans to be explored by those with bad credits are the Perkins loan and Federal Pell Grant.

Early Childhood Education

Early childhood education focuses on educating infants and toddlers – one of the most vulnerable and critical stages in life of a person. Toddlerhood to infanthood is the formation of culture, personality, character attitude and aptitude of a child; hence a critical stage. But unlike the conventional classroom education, early childhood education uses more art and play as a learning approach.

The parents are one of the integral aspects of the early childhood education process because they are the ones molding their children at home. And whatever beliefs and teachings that parents do take forms in the minds of their children. Another reason why this stage is a critical one for the children under this age is that this is the time when a child see himself, how he thinks and functions, and how he expect others to respond to him. With this, it is necessary that a child’s self-esteem and values are properly built. To do this, parents, caretakers, and early childhood education program policies emphasize home culture and language by using Individually Appropriate Practice, Developmentally Appropriate Practice, and Culturally Appropriate Practice.

There are 5 diverse but correlated developmental fields of children, commonly referred to as the SPICE of life.

  1. Social

This typically refers to the ability of a child to play with other children, cooperate, share, create relationships and form attachments with people.

  1. Physical

This refers to the development of fine and gross motor skills of a child.

  1. Intellectual

This refers to a child’s process of making sense and understanding the world and things around him.

  1. Creative

This refers to the development of a child’s special abilities in art, music, reading, writing, and singing.

  1. Emotional

This is the development of a child’s self-awareness, confidence, and coping mechanisms or responses, as well as understanding his feelings.